Celiac Disease Celiac disease also known as gluten intolerance is not an allergy, it is an autoimmune disease. This allows the body makes antibodies against its own tissues. By the reaction of the body to disappear the intestinal villi. These protrusions (flakes) are very important, they absorb the nutrients from the food. With gluten intolerance (celiac disease) almost no nutrients are included in our blood and touch, as it were malnourished and get a huge deficit vitamins and minerals. You can eat whatever you want, but our bodies do not take it on and you get sick.
The damage to the intestine in celiac disease, the following symptoms may occur:
Smelly, greasy stools
Eventually the intestinal wall can cause serious damage, which may cause problems with the absorption of nutrients. This can cause symptoms such as:
Weight and underweight
Depression and / or crying a lot
Insufficient growth in height
General ill feeling
Not all symptoms of celiac disease, so there are many people who have an allergy to wheat. In this group, other cereals tolerate. Wheat allergy can manifest itself in skin disorders, angioedema, gastrointestinal symptoms, respiratory symptoms and anaphylaxis in the worst case.
When skin problems you will see these hives, but hives or atopic eczema. In a angioedema come under the eyes thick accumulations of fluid, but also in the lips and cheeks. If it is created in the throat, it can be life-threatening as an anaphylaxis. Breathing is thereby severely hampered. But sneezing, asthma symptoms, shortness of breath, can prevent excessive mucus formation.
Bowel symptoms usually manifest themselves as abdominal pain, nausea, abdominal cramps, diarrhea or even constipation. When there is an anaphylaxis, begins to cause a life-threatening situation and needs to be taken is right action. Often, people know that and therefore have always an injection of serum at all times. But it is not yet known that the person is allergic, call equal 112. The symptoms of anaphylaxis are usually:
First tingling in the mouth, throat, cheeks and / or sole
local hives (urticaria) or large hives
Then reactions in many organs
often with predominant severe asthma (distress) or wheezing
Finally, drop in blood pressure
So what are gluten?
When there is Celiac disease than is a diet without gluten the first thing that is prescribed. Gluten is a group of proteins that occurs in cereals. The gluten are normal proteins that are easily digested by the digestive tract. However, there are people who can not digest gluten, they called celiac disease or also gluten intolerant. Gluten is a mixture of individual proteins that are divided into two groups, the gliadins and glutenin.
Especially in wheat but also in other grains such as rye, barley, spelled, oats and all products are made gluten thereof. These gluten (protein) is responsible for the solid structure and the rising of the dough.
Cereals with little gliadins are rice, maize and teff, they can be eaten by people with gluten intolerance but are not gluten-free, as is often claimed. The products in which gluten are down, wild rice, buckwheat, millet, quinoa, amarnath, soybeans and sunflower seeds.